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Research & Reports

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Research & Reports

Our research addresses the needs, interests and priorities of the apprenticeship community, providing insights that inform the programs, policies and practices of Canadian apprenticeship stakeholders.

Accessing Our Reports

Research reports and other resources in this section are available either as free content or for purchase. Members should download member-only content using their user credentials. If you are a non-member interested in purchasing content, please contact us at info@caf-fca.org.


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Most Recent Reports

Apprenticeship Snapshot – ePanel Update 2017

Apprenticeship Snapshot – ePanel Update 2017

This is a snapshot of results from the survey completed by those being screened for the Apprentices in Canada ePanel.

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Apprenticeship In Canada 2016 Report

Apprenticeship In Canada 2016 Report

This report summarizes research findings of the last 24 months, focusing on several important themes in apprenticeship, including registration and completion trends, employer hiring practices, apprentice mobility, essential skills, journeyperson career pathways, and the importance of mentoring.

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Building Blocks for Youth Success in the Trades

Building Blocks for Youth Success in the Trades

Participants at this roundtable session discussed priority competency areas for apprentice success, identified gaps in youth-readiness and suggested additional supports required to encourage youth in skilled trades careers.

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Hiring and Retaining Indigenous Apprentices: Challenges, Solutions and Opportunities

Hiring and Retaining Indigenous Apprentices: Challenges, Solutions and Opportunities

Discussion summary of a regional roundtable on Indigenous engagement in Campbell River, BC.

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Addressing Essential Skills Gaps

Addressing Essential Skills Gaps

This report summarizes insights gathered at a regional roundtable held in Edmonton, AB. More than 75 participants engaged in a roundtable discussion to identify best practices and talk about what’s working across the country.

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Apprenticeship: An Introduction for Employers

Apprenticeship: An Introduction for Employers

This brochure provides employers with an overview of the steps of hiring an apprentice, including the building blocks for effective training and completion.

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Industry Engagement in Apprenticeship Training: International Perspectives

Industry Engagement in Apprenticeship Training: International Perspectives

Speakers from Canada, Germany, Switzerland and the United States shared their perspectives on and experiences with building a workplace training culture.

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Apprentice Attitudes Toward Learning and Examinations

Apprentice Attitudes Toward Learning and Examinations

Apprentices share their experiences with learning supports and examinations. An overview of Red Seal pass rates and jurisdictional programs round out this report.

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The Future of Apprenticeship in Canada

The Future of Apprenticeship in Canada

Learn how stakeholders from across Canada are doing to address eight “big issues” in apprenticeship training.

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Supporting Apprentice Success:  Apprenticeship Data, Trends and Observations

Supporting Apprentice Success: Apprenticeship Data, Trends and Observations

Insights from employers, journeypersons and apprentices are shared along with an analysis of apprenticeship registration and certification trends.

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Apprenticeship in NT: Challenges and Opportunities

Apprenticeship in NT: Challenges and Opportunities

Roundtable participants in Yellowknife share their views about apprenticeship in Northwest Territories, including barriers and recommendations to address them.

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2016 Results Report

2016 Results Report

Highlights of the Canadian Apprenticeship Forum’s work over the last year.

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Hiring and Retaining Aboriginal Apprentices: An Action Plan for Employers

Hiring and Retaining Aboriginal Apprentices: An Action Plan for Employers

Across the country, savvy employers are building strategic partnerships and integrating Aboriginal apprentices into their skilled trades workforces.

Download PDF (12 MB)
Achieving Certification: Helping Apprentices Cross the Finish Line

Achieving Certification: Helping Apprentices Cross the Finish Line

Participants at this event explored ways the apprenticeship community supports apprentices to obtain their Certificate of Qualification.

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Women and Apprenticeship in Canada

Women and Apprenticeship in Canada

A snapshot of existing research and data on women’s participation in apprenticeship. Challenges and available programs are explored.

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Apprentice Supply and Demand Challenges

Apprentice Supply and Demand Challenges

Participants at four discussion forums discussed apprenticeship-related supply and demand challenges, best practices and recommendations.

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Apprentice Mobility in Canada

Apprentice Mobility in Canada

Research provides an overview of jurisdictional requirements, barriers, employer perspectives and apprentice relocation experiences.

Download PDF (4 MB)
Apprentice Mobility in Canada- Dialogue Summary

Apprentice Mobility in Canada- Dialogue Summary

More than 100 participants gathered to discuss apprentice mobility challenges, policy changes and other emerging solutions.

Download PDF (3 MB)
Employer Handbook

Employer Handbook

This handbook highlights best practices for recruiting, retaining and mentoring apprentices based on strategies and practices employers tell us are successful.

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Employer Hiring Preferences in the Skilled Trades

Employer Hiring Preferences in the Skilled Trades

A survey with skilled trades employers yielded insights on hiring, training and the value employers attach to apprenticeship and certification.

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Understanding Apprenticeship Requirements and Workforce Qualifications in the Canadian Labour Market

Understanding Apprenticeship Requirements and Workforce Qualifications in the Canadian Labour Market

Qualifications-based labour market information provides new insights about the demand for apprentices and training gaps.

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Hiring and Training Women in the Skilled Trades: The Business Case for Employers

Hiring and Training Women in the Skilled Trades: The Business Case for Employers

Employers who hire women in trades point to benefits that make it worth challenging traditional thinking about gender and the workplace.

Download PDF (3 MB)
2015 Results Report

2015 Results Report

Highlights of the Canadian Apprenticeship Forum’s work over the last year.

Download PDF (1 MB)
The Benefits of a Skilled Trades Career: Journeyperson Perspectives & Experiences

The Benefits of a Skilled Trades Career: Journeyperson Perspectives & Experiences

Journeypersons shed new light on career progression in the trades, pointing to good pay, interesting work, full-time employment and job satisfaction as career benefits.

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Tax Credits and Grants for Employers, Apprentices, Journeypersons and Trade Qualifiers in Canada

Tax Credits and Grants for Employers, Apprentices, Journeypersons and Trade Qualifiers in Canada

A comprehensive resource that outlines the tax credits, grants and other financial supports available nationally and in each province/territory.

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Youth Apprenticeship Across Canada Discussion

Youth Apprenticeship Across Canada Discussion

Event participants learned about youth programs across Canada and initiatives designed to help youth transition to skilled trades careers.

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The Effect of Literacy and Essential Skills on Labour Market Outcomes for Canadian Workers

The Effect of Literacy and Essential Skills on Labour Market Outcomes for Canadian Workers

This research explores the value of literacy and essential skills for workers and better quantifies the benefits of training.

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Business Case for Essential Skills Training in the Skilled Trades

Business Case for Essential Skills Training in the Skilled Trades

Skilled trades employers attribute increased bill-out and work rates, customer retention and new process innovation to Essential Skills training in the workplace.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Employer Engagement in Apprenticeship Training

Employer Engagement in Apprenticeship Training

Participants discussed how to engage employers in hiring and training apprentices and why apprenticeship training is a worthwhile investment for employers.

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2014 Results Report

2014 Results Report

Highlights of the Canadian Apprenticeship Forum’s work over the last year.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Educator Perceptions of Careers in the Skilled Trades

Educator Perceptions of Careers in the Skilled Trades

A national survey with educators indicates there is a strong case for connecting students to hands-on activities and accurate employment data.

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Alternative Approaches to Technical Training

Alternative Approaches to Technical Training

Event participants explored how innovative approaches to technical training stand to overcome barriers associated with block release technical training.

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Parent Perceptions of Careers in the Skilled Trades

Parent Perceptions of Careers in the Skilled Trades

A national survey of parents explored perceptions of the skilled trades, helping to inform career awareness outreach efforts and youth recruitment strategies.

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Impact of Technology on Apprenticeship in New Brunswick

Impact of Technology on Apprenticeship in New Brunswick

This research explores technology trends and their impact on the skills required by apprentices, as well as implications for the delivery of apprenticeship training.

Download PDF (3 MB)
Supporting Apprentice Success: Apprenticeship Data, Trends and Observations

Supporting Apprentice Success: Apprenticeship Data, Trends and Observations

This report examines key themes affecting apprentice success in Canada and connects the dots arising from more than $1 million worth of research.

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Brief: Canada Apprentice Loan for Standing Senate Committee

Brief: Canada Apprentice Loan for Standing Senate Committee

Policy brief on the barriers apprentices face returning to technical training and how the Canada Apprentice Loan might address them.

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Brief: Standing Committee on Finance – Youth Employment in Canada

Brief: Standing Committee on Finance – Youth Employment in Canada

CAF-FCA identifies three areas where the federal government could have an impact regarding opportunities for youth employment in the skilled trades.

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Study Tour Takeaways: Innovative Approaches to Skills Training

Study Tour Takeaways: Innovative Approaches to Skills Training

Key takeaways from a 2014 study tour on apprenticeship in Germany and England.

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Brief: Oil & Gas Action Plan for Skilled Trades Workforce

Brief: Oil & Gas Action Plan for Skilled Trades Workforce

In Alberta’s oil and gas sector, finding people with the appropriate skills, education and experience requires companies to cooperate to find sustainable solutions.

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Engaging Youth in Apprenticeship: Perceptions and Best Practices

Engaging Youth in Apprenticeship: Perceptions and Best Practices

Stakeholders met in Calgary to explore challenges and opportunities associated with recruiting and retaining young people in the skilled trades.

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Impact of Technology on Tradespeople: Views of Ontario Employers

Impact of Technology on Tradespeople: Views of Ontario Employers

In today’s skilled trades workplace, using digital tools and adapting to new technologies are a reality for many tradespeople.

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Youth Perceptions of Careers in the Skilled Trades

Youth Perceptions of Careers in the Skilled Trades

A national survey of students provides insights into what today’s youth think about careers in the skilled trades, informing youth engagement efforts.

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Apprenticeship Analysis: Understanding Skills Shortages in Apprenticeable Trades

Apprenticeship Analysis: Understanding Skills Shortages in Apprenticeable Trades

Is it possible to quantify the need for certified workers? This report investigates demand across sectors to determine need for apprentices.

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Making it Work: Mentoring Apprentices in the Workplace

Making it Work: Mentoring Apprentices in the Workplace

A discussion among apprenticeship stakeholders examined challenges, opportunities and best practices associated with mentoring apprentices.

Download PDF (753 KB)
Effective Journeyperson Apprentice Mentoring On-the-Job: Tips, Strategies and Resources

Effective Journeyperson Apprentice Mentoring On-the-Job: Tips, Strategies and Resources

When journeypersons have supports to mentor apprentices, skills are acquired efficiently, workplace productivity is enhanced and turnover is reduced.

Download PDF (6 MB)
The Impact of Technology on Apprenticeship Training in Canada

The Impact of Technology on Apprenticeship Training in Canada

As new technologies are integrated into apprenticeship technical training, there are a number of challenges associated with increasing technological demands.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Recruiting Apprentices in Canada

Recruiting Apprentices in Canada

Employers are encouraged to consider better ways to recruit apprentices by taking advantage of existing resources.

Download PDF (2 MB)
2012-2013 Results Report

2012-2013 Results Report

Highlights of the Canadian Apprenticeship Forum’s work over the last year.

Download PDF (2 MB)
2011-2012 Results Report

2011-2012 Results Report

Highlights of the Canadian Apprenticeship Forum’s work over the last year.

Download PDF (4 MB)
Brief: Standing Committee on Human Resources – Economic Opportunities for Young Apprentices

Brief: Standing Committee on Human Resources – Economic Opportunities for Young Apprentices

CAF-FCA identifies four major areas where the federal government could have a substantive impact regarding apprenticeship completion and certification.

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Apprenticeship Registration and Completion

Apprenticeship Registration and Completion

This report examines trends associated with registrations and completions, providing data analysis of the Registered Apprenticeship Information System (2010).

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Integrating Essential Skills into Apprenticeship Training- Guide for Aboriginal Stakeholders

Integrating Essential Skills into Apprenticeship Training- Guide for Aboriginal Stakeholders

This guide provides information on how to support the development of Essential Skills interventions in pre-apprenticeship and apprenticeship programs.

Download PDF (13 MB)
Promoting Essential Skills and Apprenticeship Training in Aboriginal Communities across Canada

Promoting Essential Skills and Apprenticeship Training in Aboriginal Communities across Canada

Workshops in Aboriginal communities across the country focused on Essential Skills tools and interventions that support entry into trades careers.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Recruiting and Retaining Apprentices

Recruiting and Retaining Apprentices

Getting recruitment and retention right can give employers the edge to increase profits and to grow their businesses. Employers share their tips and strategies.

Download PDF (2 MB)
2010-2011 Results Report

2010-2011 Results Report

Highlights of the Canadian Apprenticeship Forum’s work over the last year.

Download PDF (1 MB)
Raising Awareness of Essential Skills with Employers Who Hire Apprentices

Raising Awareness of Essential Skills with Employers Who Hire Apprentices

To help employers improve Essential Skills at the workplace, a series of webinars raised awareness and supported effective workplace Essential Skills programs.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Insights from Canada’s Apprenticeship Community

Insights from Canada’s Apprenticeship Community

Apprenticeship stakeholders are confident that Canada’s apprenticeship training systems are positioned to create a highly-skilled workforce.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Employers and Apprenticeship in Canada

Employers and Apprenticeship in Canada

National survey results provide an overview of employer attitudes towards apprenticeship.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Apprenticeship and the Public Sector

Apprenticeship and the Public Sector

Statistics indicate public sector participation in apprenticeship significantly lags that of the private sector.

Download PDF (3 MB)
Investigating Apprenticeship Completion in Canada

Investigating Apprenticeship Completion in Canada

Completion is one of apprenticeship’s most complex topics. Though registrations have continued to increase, completion numbers have yet to catch up.

Download PDF (5 MB)
Assessing Apprenticeship Outcomes

Assessing Apprenticeship Outcomes

CAF-FCA assessed the outcomes of apprentices in comparison to those who pursued other educational and career paths.

Download PDF (5 MB)
Support Mechanisms for Employers

Support Mechanisms for Employers

Apprentices become tomorrow’s skilled and productive tradespeople. This study identifies opportunities to support employers hiring apprentices.

Download PDF (538 KB)
Creating Diversity in the Skilled Trades

Creating Diversity in the Skilled Trades

This report shares practical examples of programs that help visible minorities enter the trades.

Download PDF (754 KB)
2009-2010 Results Report

2009-2010 Results Report

Highlights of the Canadian Apprenticeship Forum’s work over the last year.

Download PDF (1 MB)
2008-2009 Results Report

2008-2009 Results Report

Highlights of the Canadian Apprenticeship Forum’s work over the last year.

Download PDF (1 MB)
High School to Apprenticeship Transition: Identifying and Sharing Best Practices

High School to Apprenticeship Transition: Identifying and Sharing Best Practices

The path from secondary school to employment is non-linear for many Canadian youth. How to attract youth to the trades earlier in their career is explored.

Download PDF (2 MB)
The Increasing Use of Temporary Foreign Workers

The Increasing Use of Temporary Foreign Workers

When this research was completed, the use of temporary foreign workers was not found to have had a significant impact on apprenticeship training.

Download PDF (724 KB)
Challenge of Finding an Employer Sponsor

Challenge of Finding an Employer Sponsor

National Apprenticeship Survey data analysis and apprentice perspectives on challenges and solutions are shared.

Download PDF (6 MB)
It Pays to Hire an Apprentice (ROTI)

It Pays to Hire an Apprentice (ROTI)

Countering the concern that apprenticeship training is a considerable cost to employers, this report analyzes the costs and benefits of training.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Workplace Accommodations for Persons with Disabilities in the Skilled Trades

Workplace Accommodations for Persons with Disabilities in the Skilled Trades

If persons with disabilities receive training and supports, they can make a valuable contribution to Canada’s skilled trades workplaces.

Download PDF (1 MB)
Strategies to Increase Employers Participation in Apprenticeship Training in Canada

Strategies to Increase Employers Participation in Apprenticeship Training in Canada

Many Canadian employers are unaware of how apprenticeship training can improve their bottom line. Engaged employers discussed how to spread the word.

Download PDF (431 KB)
What’s Happening in Apprenticeship Now

What’s Happening in Apprenticeship Now

Stakeholders share their thoughts on the state of apprenticeship in Canada, as well as the challenges brought by technological change and an aging workforce.

Download PDF (6 MB)
Apprenticeship Labour Market Outcomes in Canada Since 2000

Apprenticeship Labour Market Outcomes in Canada Since 2000

This report provides an overview of the resources available to analyze graduate outcomes.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Apprentices Enrolled in Classroom Training at Private Training Providers

Apprentices Enrolled in Classroom Training at Private Training Providers

This report outlines the costs and benefits of apprenticeship for individuals who attend private training providers.

Download PDF (2 MB)
The Link Between Essential Skills and Success in Apprenticeship Training

The Link Between Essential Skills and Success in Apprenticeship Training

This report describes successful Essential Skills and Apprenticeship initiatives across the country.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Apprentices Enrolled at Public Funded Colleges and Institutes

Apprentices Enrolled at Public Funded Colleges and Institutes

Based on a survey with apprentices in colleges from across the country, this report outlines the costs and benefits of apprenticeship for the individual.

Download PDF (2 MB)
Apprenticeship – Building a Skilled Workforce for a Strong Bottom Line

Apprenticeship – Building a Skilled Workforce for a Strong Bottom Line

This report provides data on 15 trades, outlining the costs and benefits to the employer when hiring and training apprentices. 

Download PDF (1 MB)
Highlights of Skilled Trades and Awareness and Perception Study

Highlights of Skilled Trades and Awareness and Perception Study

This study sets out to identify the perceptions and attitudes of youth and their influencers towards skilled trades and apprenticeship.

Download PDF (36 KB)
Employer Toolkit

Employer Toolkit

This resource acts as a guide for employers considering the establishment of an apprenticeship program, with tips, tools and worksheets.

Download PDF (963 KB)
Accessing and Completing Apprenticeship Training in Canada

Accessing and Completing Apprenticeship Training in Canada

This report identifies the major barriers that prevent individuals from pursuing and completing apprenticeship training. 

Download PDF (5 MB)
Making it Work: On-the-job Training in Apprenticeship

Making it Work: On-the-job Training in Apprenticeship

This guide helps workplaces clarify the roles and responsibilities of the apprentice, the supervising journeyperson and the employer.

Download PDF (503 KB)

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